Stimulating Anachronism, Stifling Innovation
I saw my first Tesla Roadster a few weeks ago; I passed it in
Unfortunately, this progress won't proceed as rapidly as it otherwise would, because the government is tying up capital trying to prop up the gigantic and inefficient "Big Three" car companies that were in some ways the iconic firms of the mid-20th century. These resources are being wasted: they could be used more efficiently and more profitably, and therefore more effectively, by firms like Tesla that are producing the products of the 21st century.
It doesn't stop there. A recent headline in USA Today pointed out that the Treasury Department is preparing to give money to auto-parts manufacturers. Again, these are resources that could be better used elsewhere.
At this point, the obvious objection is "How do you know?" The market's system of profits and losses rewards firms that create value and punishes firms that destroy it. Firms like Ford, Chrysler, and General Motors have been destroying value and consuming capital in such a way as to put them on the brink of bankruptcy. They should be liquidated, and the resources that they have tied up should be freed for firms that can use them more productively.
It isn't necessarily the case that these "firms that can use them more
productively" are other auto manufacturers like Tesla,
This also answers a common objection to liberalization, to the idea that bankrupt firms should be allowed to fail, and to the idea that some industries are so crucial that they must be protected at all costs. That objection is the question "Where will the new jobs come from?" We don't know with certainty, but we can know that new opportunities will come from somewhere. In a market with innovative firms and dynamic firms like Tesla, that "somewhere" won't be too hard to find.
Finally, it is by no means clear that the
Austrian economists like Ludwig von Mises and F.A. Hayek opposed government intervention in the macroeconomy because that intervention leads to distorted relative prices and malinvestment. Government attempts to prop up failing firms provide a perfect example. By subsidizing failing firms, the state is delaying even greater pains of adjustment and stifling innovation. This kind of intervention doesn't stimulate. It paralyzes.
Art Carden is assistant professor of economics and business at Rhodes College in Memphis, Tennessee and an adjunct fellow with the Oakland, California–based Independent Institute. He was a summer research fellow at the Ludwig von Mises Institute in 2003 and a visiting research fellow at the American Institute for Economic Research in June, 2008. His research papers can be found on his Social Science Research Network author page. He is also a regular contributor to Division of Labour and The Beacon. Send him mail. See his article archives.Statement of Policy.
Learn about Mr. Stolyarov's novel, Eden against the Colossus, here.